University of Botswana History Department

2007 Bibliography & Guide to Sources on Botswana

Aimed primarily at students attempting a research essay proposal in HIS 306

Compiled by Neil Parsons (03 January 2007)

NB: New document, replacing earlier (1997) bibliography. The older document remains available (see below).

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For the previous main general bibliography of Botswana historical sources on this site, compiled in 1997, click here for 1997 bibliography. See also the list of University of Botswana History BA and MA research essays The THUTO web-site will also host a revised consolidated checklist of university theses and dissertations.

You can also download the entire bibliography as an RTF file and print it out for yourself.

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Bibliographies & Research Guides

Campbell, Alec, & Mike Main. Guide to Greater Gaborone: A Historical Guide to the Region around Gaborone including Kanye, Lobatse, Mochudi and Molepolole . Gaborone: Botswana Society/ The Authors, 2003. 292pp. [‘Places to visit and sights to see, described in their historical and archaeological settings’ incl. bibliographical references]

Hitchcock, Robert, Neil Parsons & John Taylor (eds.) Research for Development in Botswana: Proceedings of a Symposium held by the Botswana Society at the Gaborone Sun Conference Centre, Gaborone, August 19-21 1985 Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1987. 453pp [incl. chapters on research before 1970, post-1970 research on natural resources, agriculture, intermediate technology, health, land use, population, employment, economy, media, education, history & archaeology, society, & research coordination; Remote Areas/ Basarwa research (with extensive bibliography0, Tribal Grazing Lands Policy, government research institutions & research libraries; Anthropological Research Act 1967; general bibliography with 246 entries]

Hudson, Derek & Jan Isaksen (comps.) The Quality of Life in Botswana: An Annotated Bibliography on Income Distribution, Social Indicators, Social Welfare and Natural Resources Gaborone: Botswana Society (Bibliography of Botswana Part IV), 1998. 243pp [586 entries alphabetical by author, with subject index]

Morton, Barry (comp.) Pre-Colonial Botswana: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide to the Sources Gaborone: Botswana Society (Bibliography of Botswana Part II), 1994. 67pp [465 entries incl. 71 written before 1839; 125 written 1840-74; 58 written 1875-85; 10 newspapers; 61 oral tradition & folklore; 31 language & literature; 14 archives; 88 secondary sources; 7 bibliographies]

van Waarden, Catrien (comp.) The Prehistory and Archaeology of Botswana: An Annotated Bibliography Gaborone: Botswana Society (Bibliography of Botswana Part I), 1999. 141pp. [945 entries, incl. legal documents, published & unpublished reports, books and articles, theses, conference papers, & appendix of radio-carbon dates]

Willet, Sheila, Sheila Monageng, Sidsel Saugestad, & Janet Hermans (comps.) The Khoe and San: An Annotated Bibliography Volume One Gaborone: Light Books/ Lentswe la Lesedi, 2002. 248pp [1021 entries alphabetical by author]

Willet, Sheila (comp.), The Khoe and San: An Annotated Bibliography Volume Two Gaborone: Light Books/ Lentswe la Lesedi, 2003. 124pp [449 entries alphabetical by author]

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Andersson, Lars-Gunnar, & Tore Janson. Languages in Botswana: Language Ecology in Southern Africa Gaborone: Longman Botswana, 1997. 204pp

Benson, Mary. Tshekedi Khama London: Faber & Faber, 1960

Burrett, Rob S. [The Boer War in Botswana] [Zimbabwe, 2006]

Chanock, Martin Unconsummated Union: Britain, Rhodesia and South Africa 1900-1945 [incl. Bechuanaland] Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1977. 289pp

Chirenje, Jackson Mutero. A History of Northern Botswana 1850-1910 Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses/ Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson Press, 1977

Chirenje, Jackson Mutero. Chief Khama and His Times ditto ????, 1978

Crowder, Michael (ed.) Education for Development in Botswana Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1984 [pp.21-45 ‘Education and development in pre-colonial and colonial Botswana to 1965’ by Q.N. Parsons]

Crowder, Michael. The Flogging of Phinehas McIntosh: A Tale of Colonial Folly and Injustice, Bechuanaland 1933 [Gammanwato] New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988. 248pp

Dale, Richard. Botswana’s Search for Autonomy in Southern Africa Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995. 256pp

Denbow, James & Phenyo C. Thebe. Culture and Customs of Botswana Westport, Conn.: Grenwood Books (Culture and Customs of Africa series ed. Toyin Falola), 2006. 244pp

Edge, Wayne, & M.H. Lekorwe (eds.) Botswana Politics and Society Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik, 1998. 508pp Chapters:

1. ‘The kgosi in a traditional setting’ by P.T. Mgadla;

2. ‘The nature of Batswana states: towards a theory of Batswana traditional government—the Batawana case’ by T. Tlou;

3. ‘Missionary imperialism—the case of Bechuanaland’ by A.J. Dachs;

4. ‘Land, cattle, and ethnicity: the creation of Linchwe’s Bakgatla 1875-1920’ by F. Morton;

5 ‘The establishment of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1870-1910’ by J. Ramsay;

6 ‘Twentieth century antecedents of decolonising nationalism in Botswana’ by J. Ramsay;

7 ‘The struggle for political freedom and political independence’;

8 ‘The emergence of political parties in Botswana’ by J. Ramsay & N. Parsons;

9 ‘Constitutional development in Botswana’ by B. Othlogile;

& 20 more chapters on post-independence bureaucracy, rural development, urban-industrial development, political participation, & foreign policy]

Edgecombe, Ruth, & Bill Guest (eds.) South Africa’s Environmental History: Cases and Comparisons [includes Kuruman District] Cape Town: David Philip, 2002. 326pp

Eilersen, Gillian Stead. Bessie Head: Thunder Behind Her Ears. Her life and Writing Cape Town: David Philip, 1995. 312pp

Fairlie, Michael. No Time Like the Past [autobiography, Molepolole &c. 1940s-50s] Edinburgh: Pentlands Press, 1992.

Fawcus, Peter (with Alan Tilbury) Botswana: The Road to Independence [autobiography of last Resident Commissioner, Mafeking) Gaborone: Pula Press & Botswana Society, 2000. 240pp

Good, Kenneth. Realizing Democracy in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa (Africa Institute Research Paper no 59), 1997. 163pp

Grant, Sandy. Etcetera: Events, Issues, Places and People of Botswana. Odi: Leitlho Publications, 1998. 252pp. [‘A wide ranging selection of perceptive, critical essays which appeared in the Botswana Press 1991-1997’]

Grant, Sandy, & Elinah Grant. Decorated Homes in Botswana Mochudi: Phutadikobo Museum, 1995. 134pp

Griffiths, Anne M.O. In the Shadow of Marriage: Gender and Justice in an African Community [Kweneng] Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997

Gulbrandsen, Ornulf. Poverty in the Midst of Plenty [Gangwaketse] Bergen: Norse Publication, 1994. 440pp

Hailey, Lord. The Republic of South Africa and the High Commission Territories London: Oxford University Press, 1963. 136pp

Halpern, Jack. South Africa’s Hostages: Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland Harmondsworth: Penguin 1965

Hinchey, M.T. (ed.) Drought in Botswana Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1979. 305pp

Hitchcock, Renée R., & M.R. Smith (eds.) Settlement in Botswana: The Historical Development of a Human Landscape Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1982

Hyam, Ronald. The Failure of South African Expansion 1908-1948 [Swaziland, Basutoland, Bechuanaland] London: Macmillan, 1972. 219pp

Jackson, Ashley. Botswana 1939-1945: An African Country at War Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999. 281pp

Jacobs, Nancy. Environment, Power, and Injustice: A South African History [Kuruman District] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 300pp

Janson, Tore, & Joseph Tsonope. Birth of a National Language: The History of Setswana Gaborone: Heinemann Botswana, 1991

Keitseng, Fish (with Jeff Ramsay & Barry Morton) Comrade Fish: Memories of a Motswana in the ANC Underground Gaborone: Pula Press, 1999. 138pp

Landau, Paul S. The Realm of the Word: Language, Gender and Christianity in an African Kingdom [Tswapong] Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1995

Lane, Paul, Andrew Reid, & Alinah Segobye (eds.) Ditswa Mmung: The Archaeology of Botswana Gaborone: Botswana Society & Pula Press, 1998. 263pp

Livingston, Julie. Debility and the Moral Imagination in Botswana [History of health and medical practices in Kgatleng etc.] Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005. 310pp

Livingstone, David. Missionary Travels (1857), available on-line from link on <>

Lloyd, Edwin. Three Great African Chiefs: Khậmé, Sebele and Bathoeng London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1895

Main, Michael. Kalahari: Life’s Variety in Dune and Delta Johannesburg: Southern Books, 1987. 265pp

Makgala, Christian John. Elite Conflict in Botswana: A History Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa, 2006. 228pp

Masire, Quett Ketumile Johnnie. & Stephen J. Lewis, Masire: Memoirs of an African Diplomat : Very Brave or Very Foolish? Gaborone: Macmillan, 2006 & London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. 334pp. ISBN 9991240438

Maylam, Paul. Rhodes, the Tswana, and the British: Colonialism, Collaboration, and Conflict in the Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1885-1899 Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press (Contributions in Comparative Colonial Studies number 4), 1980. 245pp

Mazonde, Isaac. Ranching and Enterprise in Eastern Botswana: A Case Study of Black and White Farmers [Tuli Block, using pseudonyms for farmers] Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994

Mbanga, Wilf, & Trish Mbanga. Seretse and Ruth Cape Town: Tafelberg, 2005. 374pp [‘One of the great love stories of our times.’]

Merriweather, Alfred. Desert Doctor Remembers: The Autobiography of Alfred Merriweather Gaborone: Pula Press, 1999. 221pp [Kweneng etc.]

Mgadla, P.T. A History of Education in the Bechuanaland Protectorate to 1965 Latham, NY: University Press of America, 2003. 231pp

Mgadla, Part T. & Stephen C. Volz (transl. & eds.) Words of Batswana: Letters to Mahoko a Becwana 1883-1896 Cape Town: Van Riebeeck Society for the Publication of Historical Documents (Second Series no 37), 2006. 374pp.

Millard, John. Never a Dull Moment: The Autobiography of John Millard, Administrator, Soldier & farmer [Divisional Commissioner, Francistown 1950s] Swavesey, Cambridge UK: Silent Books, 1996. 232pp

Molefi, Rodgers Kereng K. A Medical History of Botswana 1885-1966 Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1996. 204pp

Molema, Silas Modiri. The Bantu Past and Present Edinburgh: Green & Son, 1920

Molema, Silas Modiri. Chief Moroka: His Life, His Times, His Country and His People Cape Town: Methodist Publishing House and Book Depot, 1951. 210pp

Molema, Silas Modiri. Montshiwa, Barolong Chief and Patriot Cape Town: Struik, 1966

Morton, Barry, & Jeff Ramsay. The Making of a President: Sir Ketumile Masire’s Early Years Gaborone: Pula Press, 1994. 83pp

Morton, Fred & Jeff Ramsay (eds.) The Birth of Botswana: A History of the Bechuanaland Protectorate 1910 to 1966 Gaborone: Longman, 1st edn. 1987. 206pp

Morton, Fred, Jeff Ramsay & Barry Morton (comps.) Historical Dictionary of Botswana Metuchen NJ: Scarecrow Press, 3rd edn. 1996. 321pp

Nteta, Doreen & Janet Hermans (eds.) Sustainable Rural Development Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1992. 280pp

The Okavango Delta Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1976. 349pp

Okihiro, Gary Yukio. A Social History of the Bakwena and Peoples of the Kalahari of Southern Africa, 19th Century [Kweneng] Edwin Mellen Press, 2000. ISBN 077347839-6

Packard, Randall M. White Plague, Black Labour: Tuberculosis and the Political Economy of Health and Disease in South Africa Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. 389pp

Parsons, Neil. King Khama, Emperor Joe, and the Great White Queen: Victorian Britain through African Eyes [Khama, Sebele, Bathoen, in Britain 1895] Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998

Parsons, Q.N. Report on the Botswana Brigades 1965-83 Gaborone: National Institute for Research, Oct.1983

Picard, Louis. The Politics [and Administration] of Development in Botswana ….1987

Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho. Native Life in South Africa London:….1916 [full text on-line via <>]

Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho, Mhudi [novel on Barolong history] Lovedale: Lovedale Press, 1st edn 1932

Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho (ed. John Camaroff). The Boer War Diary of Sol T. Plaatje …1st edn 1973

Rey, Charles Fernand (Michael Crowder & Neil Parsons, eds.). Monarch of All I Survey: Bechuanaland Diaries 1929-1937 Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1988

Salkin, Jay S., et al. (eds.) Aspects of the Botswana Economy: Selected Papers Gaborone: lentswe la Lesedi & Oxford: James Currey, 1997. 579pp

Schapera, Isaac, ed. Ditirafalo tsa Merafe ya Batswana ba Lefatshe la Tshireletso (Traditional Histories of the Native Tribes of the Bechuanaland Protectorate) Lovedale, Cape: Lovedale Press, 1940

Schapera, Isaac. Married Life in an African Tribe London: Faber & Faber, 1940

Schapera, Isaac, ed. Mekgwa le Melao ya Batswana (Customs and Laws of the Batswana) Lovedale: Lovedale Press, n.d.[c.1940]

Schapera, Isaac. The Ethnic Composition of Tswana Tribes London; London School of Economics & Political Science (Monographs in Social Anthropology), 1952

Schapera, Isaac. Praise-Poems of Tswana Chiefs Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965

Schapera, Isaac. Tribal Innovators: Tswana Chiefs and Social Chang 1795-1940 London: University of London Athlone Press, 1970

Schlosser, Katesa. At the Edge of the Kalahari: Historical Colour Photographs of Tswana Chiefdoms and Hereros in Exile Kiel, Germany: Museum für Völkerkunde der Universität Kiel, 2001. 44pp + 74 plates

Schmitt, Deborah Ann (née Shackleton). The Bechuanaland Pioneers and Gunners [in World War II] Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2006. 265pp

Seager, Alan. The Shadow of a Great Rock [Tlhatlaganyane rock, Serowe] Connah’s Quay, Flintshire, England: I & D Books/ The Author, 2004. 168pp [1940s-60s missionary memoirs]

Selelo-Kupe, Serara. An Uneasy Walk to Quality: A History of the Evolution of Black Nursing Education in the Republic of Botswana, 1922-1980 Battle Creek, Mich.: W.K. Kellog Foundation, 1993. 257pp

Selepeñ, Mokgalo. Tshekedi Khama ke mo Itsileng Gaborone: Pula Press, 1999. 95pp

Seretse, Gasebalwe. Tshekedi Khama: The Master Whose Dogs Barked At: A Critical Look at Ngwato Politics Gaborone: The Apostle, 2004. 154pp

Setiloane, Gabriel M. The Image of God among the Sotho-Tswana Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1976

Sillery, Anthony. Bechuanaland Protectorate Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1952

Sillery, Anthony. Founding a Protectorate: History of Bechuanaland 1885-1895 [i.e. colonial administration] The Hague: Mouton, 1965

Sillery, Anthony. Botswana:A Short Political History London: Methuen, 1974

Sinclair, David (ed.) The White Tide Gweru: Modern Press, 2002. 212pp [autobiography of Alfred Musson, Shoshong 1870s-80s]

Slaughter, Carolyn. Before the Knife: Memoirs of an African Childhood New York: Doubleday & London: Black Swan/ Transworld Publishers, 2002. 253pp [daughter of 1950s Gaberones district commissioner]

Spinage, Clive. History and Evolution of the Fauna Conservation Laws of Botswana Gaborone: Botswana Society, 1991. 118pp

Staugard, Frans. Traditional Healers: Traditional Medicine in Botswana Gaborone: Ipelegeng Publishers, 1985

Stedman, Stephen John (ed.). Botswana: The Political Economy of Democratic Development Boulder, Col.: Lynne Rienner Publishers (SAIS African Studies Library, ed. William Zartman), 1993. 213pp [incl. late colonial development, bureaucracy & democracy, relations with South Africa and Zimbabwe, by Stephen R. Lewis, J. Stephen Morrison, Patrick P. Molutsi, Jack Parson, John D. Holm, Gloria Somolekae, James J. Zaffiro, Richard Dale, etc.]

Thomas, David S.G., & Paul Shaw. The Kalahari Environment Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. 284pp

Tlou, Thomas. A History of Ngamiland Gaborone: Macmillan Botswana, 1984

van Driel, Francien. Poor and Powerful: Female-Headed Households and Unmarried Motherhood in Botswana [Paje, Central District] Saarbrucken: Nijmegen Studies, 1994

van Rensburg, Patrick Report from Swaneng Hill: Education and Employment in an African Country Uppsala, The Dag Hammarskjold Foundation, I974.

van Rensburg, Patrick. Looking Forward from Serowe Gaborone: Foundation for Education with Production, 1983

Vanqa, Themba P. The Development of Education in Botswana: The Role of Teachers’ Organisations (1937-1987) Gaborone: Lightbooks/ Lentswe la Lesedi, 1999. 220pp

Vaughan, Olufemi. Chiefs, Power, and Social Change: Chiefship and Modern Politics in Botswana, 1880s-1990s Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2003. 209pp

Werbner, Richard. Reasonable Radicals and Citizenship in Botswana: The Political Anthropology of Kalanga Elites . Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press, 2004. 254pp

Williams, Ralph Champneys. How I Became a Governor [autobiography, Bechuanaland 1900s] London: John Murray, 1913

Williams, Susan. Colour Bar: The Triumph of Seretse Khama and His Nation London: Penguin Books/ Allen Lane, 2006. 408pp

Winstanley, George. Under Two Flags in Africa: Recollections of a British Administrator in Bechuanaland and Botswana 1954 to 1972 Kelvedon, Colchester UK: Blackwater Books, 2000. 254pp

Wookey, A.J., ed. Dicò tsa Secwana: Liñwao le Leha e le Dipolelo Kaga (History of the Becwana) Kuruman: London Missionary Society, 1st edn. 1913

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Official Publications

Basutoland, The Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland: History of Discussion with the Union of South Africa 1909-1939 London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (British Parliamentary Papers/ ‘Blue Book’, Cmd. 8707 of Dec. 1952), reprinted 1962. 136pp [at request of South African government, omits 1939-52 material that might damage its case to take over BBS]

Bent, R.A.R. Ten Thousand Men of Africa: The Story of the Bechuanaland Pioneers and Gunners 1941-1946 London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office for Bechuanaland Government, 1952. 128pp

Knothe, ed. Short History of the Native Tribes of the Transvaal London: War Office & Pretoria: Transvaal Native Affairs Department, 1904-05


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Book Chapters & Periodical Articles

Murray, Andrew, & Neil Parsons ‘The modern economic history of Botswana’ in K.A. Konczacki et al. (eds.) Studies in the Economic History of Southern Africa. Volume One: The Front Line States London: Frank Cass, 1990, pp.159-99

Ndlovu, Sifiso Mxolisi. ‘The ANC in exile, 1960-1970’ [includes Botswana] in SADET (South African Democracy Education Trust) The Road to Democracy in South Africa, Volume 1 (1960-1970) Cape Town: Zebra Press/ Struik, 2004, pp.411-78

Sebina, Peter Mazebe. ‘Makalaka’ African Studies (Johannesburg), vol.5, no.2 (1947), pp. - .

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Newspapers & Periodicals

Botswana Daily News (Gaborone, title varies Daily News/ Dikgang tsa Gompieno etc.) 1964-, government daily newspaper

Botswana Notes and Records (Gaborone, The Botswana Society), 1968/69+ annual volumes [indexes up to 1999 published separately, & Internet site to be completed early 2007 on <>]

Bulawayo Chronicle / Chronicle (Bulwayo), 1894+, real copies available in Bulawayo City Library

Diamond Fields Advertiser (Kimberley), real copies available in Kimberley Public Library

Koranta ea Becoana (Mafikeng: published by Silas Molema, edited by Sol T. Plaatje), semi-monthly newspaper 1901-08 [incomplete run, only a few individual copies in archives etc., but articles sometime reproduced or reported on in Mafeking Mail and Pretoria News ]

Kutlwano (Lobatse, subsequently Gaborone), 1961+, monthly government magazine

Mafeking Mail (Mafeking), 1899-1970s [microfiche in University of Botswana Library, Botswana Documentation & Special Collections]??

Mahoko a Becwana (Kuruman: London Missionary Society), 1883-98, semi-monthly newspaper [complete run now being edited by Prof. P.T. Mgadla]

Naledi ya Batswana / African Echo (Johannesburg: Bantu Press), weekly newspaper 1944-60s [microfiche in University of Botswana Library, Botswana Documentation & Special Collections]??

Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies (University of Botswana, Gaborone), bi-annual, 1982+

The Star (Johannesburg), c.1890+, real copies available in Witwatersrand University Library—all Johannesburg newspapers available on (poor quality) microform in Johannesburg Public Library

Tsala ea Becoana , later titled Tsala ea Batho (Kimberley: published & edited by Sol T. Plaatje), 1910-?, sporadically produced [incomplete run, only a few individual copies in archives etc.]

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Unpublished Manuscripts & Theses

Bolaane, Maitseo. 'Wildlife Conservation and Local Management: the Establishment of Moremi Park, Okavango, Botswana in the 1950s-60s' St Antony’s College, University of Oxford: DPhil, 2004

Crowder, Michael. ‘The Black Prince’ [unfinished biography of Tshekedi Khama] c.1987 (full text available on-line at < >

Makgala, Christian John. ‘The Policy of Indirect Rule in Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1926-57’ University of Cambridge, England: PhD, 2001

Milton, Shaun Nicholas. ‘To Make the Crooked Straight: Settler Colonialism, Imperial Decline, and the South African Beef Industry, 1902-42’[incl. Bechuanaland Protectorate] Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London: PhD, 1996

Morapedi, Wazha Gilbert. ‘Key Aspects of the Agrarian History of Botswana, 1930-1966’

University of Essex, Colchester: PhD, 1998

Ngcongco, Leonard Diniso ‘Some Aspects of Bangwaketse History before 1900’ Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia: PhD, 1977

Parsons, Quentin Neil. ‘Khama III, the Bamangwato, and the British, with Special Reference to 1895-1923’ [Central District] University of Edinburgh: PhD, 1973. 466pp.

Raditladi, Leetile Disang ‘The Destiny of Seretse Khama’ c.1955 (original in possession of Lovedale Press Archives, Rhodes University, Grahamstown; photocopy in Michael Crowder Papers, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London)

Ramsay, Frederick Jeffress (Jnr.) ‘The Rise and Fall of the Bakwena Dynasty of South-Central Botswana, 1820-1940’ Boston University: PhD, 1991. 467pp.

Ratshosa, Simon ‘My Book on Bechuanaland Protectorate’ c.1931 (copies in possession of Botswana National Archives, etc., full text to be made available on-line at <www.thuto.or/ubh>

Seboni, Michael Ontepetse Martinus. ‘The Development of Education in the Bechuanaland Protectorate’ University of South Africa, Pretoria: M.Ed, 1947. 3 vols

Steenkamp, Philip John. ‘A Vision of Order: Development Policy in Bechuanaland, 1929-1937’ Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario: PhD, 1989

Tapela, Henderson M. ‘The Tati District of Botswana, 1866-1869’ [North East District] University of Sussex, Brighton: DPhil, 1976

Thapelo, Teedzani Davis. ‘The Political Economy of Stratified Distribution in Botswana: State, Peasants and Agro-Pastoral Reforms, 1966-1996’ University of London, School of Oriental & African Studies: PhD, 1998

Thema, Benjamin Cogo. ‘The Development of Native Education in the Bechuanaland Protectorate (An Historical Survey) 1840-1946’ University of South Africa, Pretoria: M.Ed, 1947. 118pp

Truschel, Louis W. ‘Accommodation under Imperial Rule: the Tswana of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1895-1920’ Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois: PhD, 1971. 475pp

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Archives & Libraries

[ We suggest that you consult telephone directories & Google on the Internet for more details .]

Anglican Church Archives : Kimberley/ Bloemfontein & Harare/ Bulawayo? Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (SPG) Archives, London, papers available on microform [South African National Archives in Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein, Durban]

Botswana, Department of Surveys & Lands : Papers relating to farm ownership & land deeds

Botswana, Ministry of Labour & Home Affairs : Papers relating to births, marriages, and deaths

Botswana National Archives

Series for which an extensive Subject Catalogue is available (but from which, tragically, transcripts of court records have been weeded and destroyed by the Archives, preserving only the judgments) :

HC [High Commissioner’s Office] series, c.1870s-1910

RC [Resident Commissioner’s Office] series, c.1904+

S. [Secretariat] series, c.1904-60s [this was the main series for central colonial record keeping]

Series for which only a simple Accession Register is available:

DC [District Commissioner] series, by district 1930s+, incorporating previous BP [Bechuanaland Protectorate] series relating to Assistant Commissioners & Resident Magistrates 1890s-1930s

Department/ Ministry series, i.e. AGRIC(ulture), POL(ice), VET(erinary), etc.

DivCom [Divisional Commissioner] series, i.e. DivComNorth (F/town) & DivComSouth (Lobatse) c.1952-62

OP [Office of the President] series, incorporating Office of Prime Minister 1964+

TA [Tribal Administration] series, e.g. Bangwato Tribal Administration (BTA) post-1930s

For other BNA series, ask to see the relevant Accessions List for a numerical list of its files (with abbreviated titles) organized into archival boxes.

Botswana, Registrar of Companies : papers relating to ownership & transfer of companies

British Parliamentary Papers , (Printed Correspondence Relating to Africa) c.1830s-c.1900 [Irish University Press Reprints in approx. 50 volumes available in University of Botswana Library, Botswana Documentation & Special Collections]

Bulawayo City Library : full run in hard copy of Bulawayo Chronicle etc

Council for World Mission Archives (former Congregational Council for World Mission & London Missionary Society), Africa South: Incoming Correspondence [from Southern African mission stations], c.1840s-1910 [microfiche in University of Botswana Library, Botswana Documentation & Special Collections] [Cape Town office papers?]

David Livingstone, Correspondence & Journals 1840s-60s , available in published volumes edited by Isaac Schapera [in Botswana National Archives Library & University of Botswana Library]

Jesuit Mission Archives , for printed papers see Zambezi Mission Record [copy in SANA Pretoria?]

Kimberley City Library : full run in hard copy of Diamond Fields Advertiser etc.

McGregor Memorial Museum , Kimberley: incl. Duggan-Cronin Photo Library

Oblates of Mary Immaculate , Archives in Pretoria?

Roan Selection Trust Archives (still existing, with name changed?), Ndola

Seventh Day Adventist Mission, Archives?

South African National Archives [catalogue search on-line via Google],

Cape Town Archives Repository: Papers relating to British Bechuanaland c.1884-1895

Transvaal Archives Depository, Pretoria: Papers relating to Bechuanaland border areas c.1870s+

South African Land Registry , Vryburg office: Papers relating to farm ownership & land deeds of Northern Cape Province/ North-West Province

University of Cape Town Jagger Library : special collection of Setswana publications, papers of former colonial officials

University of Witwatersrand Library : full run in hard copy of The Star , The Times , etc.

Wesleyan Methodist Mission Archives : South African papers at Rhodes University, Grahamstown; London papers available on microform in South African National Archives

Witwatersrand Chamber of Mines Archive , Roodepoort, Gauteng: includes papers of KwaTheba/ Manpower Recruiting Organisation of Africa, NLA (Native Recruiting Corporation, south of 22 0 S) and WNLA (Witwatersrand Native Labour Association, north of 22 0 S)

Zion Christian Church , Moria, Limpopo Province SA, Archives?

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Copyright © 2007 Neil Parsons
Last updated 16 June 2007. [PAGE ENDS]